Canadian Heritage Ship Information Database
International Ice Patrol Bulletin 1973
Memorial University of Newfoundland's 1995 First Annual Report on Canadian Offshore Design for Ice Environments
New York Maritime Register
Northern Shipwreck Database, Northern Maritime Research, 1997
Polar Record, Vol 19, No 121, 1979, pp 343-362. Shipping losses caused by ice 1890-1977
Tacoma Public Library Ships and Shipping Database
Terra Nova Mutual Marine Insurance Losses and Claims, Maritime History Archives, M.U.N.